This article needs attention from an expert in Indigenous peoples of North America.
The specific problem is: Outdated sources from outside the cultures are resulting in confused and dangerous misinformation, which could lead to poisonings and liability issues for Wikipedia.
This must be addressed and misinformation removed promptly.
The full formula is not published or given to outsiders, but a prominent ingredient is the roasted leaves and stems of Ilex vomitoria (commonly known as yaupon holly), a plant native to the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts.Black drink usually contains emetic herbs, which has been recorded as inducing vomiting.According to the ethnohistorical record, the yaupon leaves and branches used for the black drink were traditionally picked as close to the time of its planned consumption as possible.After picking, historically they were lightly parched in a ceramic container over fire.Photo credit The Florida Center for Instructional Technology, University of South Florida Cherokee, Choctaw, Muscogee and some other Indigenous peoples of the Southeastern Woodlands use the black drink in purification ceremonies.
It was occasionally known as white drink because of the association of the color white with peace leaders in some Native cultures in the Southeast.
Black drink is consumed to purify an individual by removing spiritual and physical contamination and, as such, is never taken casually.
The preparation and protocols vary between tribes and ceremonial grounds.
The roasting increases the solubility in water of the caffeine, which is the same reason coffee beans are roasted.
After browning, they were boiled in large containers of water until the liquid reached a dark brown or black color, giving it its name.
The liquid was then strained into containers to cool, until it was cool enough to not scald the skin, and drunk while still hot.