This article or section does not match our manual of style or needs other editing.
It is considered as one of the world's fastest growing cities although ranks 13th in terms of cleanliness.
It is on the Coromandel coast of the Bay of Bengal and has the second longest beachfront of any municipality in the world.
Long the site of earlier coastal settlements, Madras was founded in 1639 when the British East India Company (represented by Francis Day and Andrew Cogan and aided by a local translator Beri Thimappa) was granted land to build a trading settlement by the local Telugu ruler (Nayak) of the suburb of Vandavasi, Damerla Venkatapathy Naidu on his father's name Damerla Chennappa Naidu.
The document of the land grant is dated 22 August 1639, and hence Madras celebrates its birthday on 22 August each year as Madras day.
He is said to have come to India as an evangelist and died in what is now Chennai. Madras is derived from Madraspatnam, a name given to the area when the British negotiated settling there with Damerla Venkatapathy Nayakudu.
The origin of the name is from Muthuraja Chennappa Nayakudu as Chennapatnam.
Chennappa served under Sriranga Deva Raya assisting him against the Golkonda forces of Ibrahim Qutb Shah in several battles,notably in 1576 when Penukonda was captured by Ali Adil Shah and in 1579 when he captured the Golkonda Commander Murari Rao.
Madras was one of the first outposts of British East India Company. George (today the legislative and administrative seat of the state).
Colonel William Lambton, superintendent of the great Trigonometrical Survey of India, started his journey of triangulating India from St. Fort St George was completed on St George's day in 1640 (23 April) and hence was named after the patron saint.
George Town then developed becoming the modern city of Madras, absorbing several nearby boroughs.
Thomas, one of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ, is associated with Chennai. In 1996, the Tamilnadu government renamed Madras to Chennai providing the reason that 'Chennai' was the city's traditional name while Madras was one derived during colonial rule.