Much like Sigmund Freud, Erikson believed that personality develops in a series of stages.
Forming the identity is something that begins in childhood and becomes particularly important during adolescence, but Erikson believed that it is a process that continues throughout life.Our personal identity gives each of us an integrated and cohesive sense of self that endures and continues to grow as we age.Our sense of personal identity is shaped by our experiences and interactions with others, and it is this identity that helps guide our actions, beliefs, and behaviors and we grow and develop throughout life.Erik Erikson was an ego psychologist who developed one of the most popular and influential theories of development.While his theory was influenced by psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud's work, Erikson's theory centered on psychosocial development rather than psychosexual development.
Let's take a closer look at the background and different stages that make up Erikson's psychosocial theory.
So what exactly did Erikson's theory of psychosocial development entail?
Ego identity is the conscious sense of self that we develop through social interaction.
According to Erikson, our ego identity is constantly changing due to new experiences and information we acquire in our daily interactions with others.
As we face each new stage of development, we face a new challenge that can help further develop or hinder the development of identity.
When psychologists talk about identity, they are referring to all of the beliefs, ideals, and values that help shape and guide a person's behavior.