Gun politics in Canada is largely about registration.Handgun registration became law in 1934, and automatic firearms were added in 1951.
Amendments to the Criminal Code between the 1890s and the 1970s introduced a series of minor controls on firearms.In the late 1970s, controls of intermediate strength were introduced.In the mid-1990s, significant increases in controls occurred.A 1996 study showed that Canada was in the mid-range of firearm ownership when compared with eight other western nations.From 1995 on, all firearms were required to be registered, but in April 2012 the requirement to register non-restricted firearms was dropped in every province and territory, except for Quebec.
In 2015, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled against Quebec, thus the non-restricted registry records were destroyed in their entirety.
From the 1990s up until September 1, 2015, there were two kinds of individual licences for firearms owners: possession-only and possession-and-acquisition.
On September 2, 2015, all possession-only licences were automatically converted to possession-and-acquisition.
Nearly 22% of Canadian households had at least one firearm, including 2.3% of households possessing a handgun.
As of September 2010, the Canadian Firearms Program recorded a total of 1,831,327 valid firearm licences, which is roughly 5.4% of the Canadian population.
The four most licensed provinces are Ontario, Quebec, Alberta and British Columbia.